Dr Sidra Khan, Dr Bilal Mahmood, Dr. Muhammad Haroon Afzaal
Objective: The joint war and political uncertainty in Afghanistan has led to the massive invasion of displaced persons into adjacent regions of Pakistan. This current research was led to assess the seroprevalence of hepatitis B and to recognize probable danger aspects for the transmission of hepatitis B infection amongst evacuees living in camps in all provinces of Pakistan. Place and Duration: In the medicine department of public Hospitals in Baluchistan for one-year duration from May 2018 to April 2019. Methods: The cross-sectional study of hepatitis B surface antigen was held in May 2018 to April 2019. We counted enrollments to arbitrarily select families in the exclusion camps in Baluchistan. An indiscriminate selection of a spouse, wife and one of their children was included in the survey. Concentrated subjects whose results from the research facilities were positive for HBsAg and those whose results remained negative for HBsAg were compared. Results: Field workforces met with 313 families through the over-all of 920 research respondents. Examples of blood from 78 research subjects (9.4%, 96% CI 7.5-11.4) were safe for HBsAg. There were 39 spouses (13.4%, 96% CI: 8.3-15.5) and 24 wives (8.1%, 96% CI: 5.6-11.7) positive for HBsAg. Available Of the 313 children, 18 (6.7%, 96% CI 4.5-8.2) were positive for HBsAg. Receiving more than 10 infusions in earlier year enlarged the risk of HBV contamination (OR 4.6, 96% CI 2.9-7.8). The child positive for HBsAg had to have the parent who was HBsAg positive compared with a youth who was HBsAg negative (OR 6.8, 96% CI 3.0-17.6). Conclusion: Hepatitis B is profoundly prevalent amongst Afghan exiles living in those encampments. Insecure infusion practices will endure to rise extent of the current medical issue until suitable control measures are taken. The plausibility of mother-to-child transmission underscores the need to incorporate hepatitis B inoculation as a feature of routine vaccination in the current inhabitants.