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TITLE:

EXMINATION OF KIDNEY STONES COMPOSITION WITH THE HELP OF FTIR SPECTROSCOPY

AUTHORS:

Dr Kifayat Tariq, Dr Mehboob Ul Wahab, Dr Mohammad Ishtiaq, Dr Kamran Ahmed

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The objective of this research work is to analyze the structure and form stones found in kidneys of the patients. Design: This research work was an analytical study. Setting: KS (Kidney Stones) extracted from the patients of Institute of Institute of kidney diseases Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar and its associated areas during the period of January 2017 to December 2018. Methodology: The 58 samples of KS gathered haphazardly & their examination carried out for the detection of their type and structure with the help of FTIR (Fourier transform infrared) Spectroscopy. Results: In those fifty-eight samples of KS, 37.90% were complete stones of calcium oxalate, 3.40% were of pure uric acid, forty-four percent were the combination of calcium oxalate & uric acid, 3.40% stones were of calcium oxalate & aspartate and 10.30 were the composition of magnesium ammonium phosphate. The comparison of the bands of Infrared conducted with respect to the standards. The comparison in accordance with gender showed that most of the interrogated stones were from the male patients. The comparison according to age showed that the range of age for the appearance of this disease was from 15 years to 29 years. Conclusion: The results concluded that the stones of calcium oxalate & uric acid are very frequent in the patients of Peshawar and it remotes areas. Key Words: Magnesium, Combination, Ammonium, Calcium, Haphazardly, Aspartate.

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