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TITLE:

A RESEARCH STUDY TO ASSESS THE DIAGNOSIS AND OUTCOMES OF UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY

AUTHORS:

Dr Zahid Imran, Sidra Rahman, Dr Asma Bhatti

ABSTRACT:

Background: In both indoor and outdoor patients’ departments, common medical issues are related to Upper Gastrointestinal (UGI). The important technique used for the identification of these issues is Upper GI endoscopy. Objective: To determine different signs associated with UGI with reference to UGI endoscopy and its results in patients was the objective of this study. Methods: This research was organized at Mayo Hospital, Lahore (October 2017 to August 2018). All those patients were selected for this study who were mentioned with endoscopy. Endoscopic identification, demographic aspects and reasons of referral were noticed for all the patients. Results: Total one thousand patients were selected for this study. Upper GI bleeding, dysphagia, persistent vomiting and dyspeptic indications were the reasons for mentioning in 59%, 7%, 7% and 4.6% patients respectively. Gastric Ulcer (3%), esophagitis (9%), esophageal varices (43%) and gastritis (5%) were common endoscopic indications. Conclusion: Esophageal varices were the common result of endoscopy and Upper GI bleeding was commonly observed problem. Keywords: Upper Gastrointestinal (UGI), Varices, Bleeding, Endoscopy and Esophagus.

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