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TITLE:

A RESEARCH STUDY TO COMPARE THE SPECIES OF MALARIA PARASITES AND THROMBOCYTOPENIA DEGREE

AUTHORS:

Dr Sundas Jahangir, Dr Muhammad Almas Murad, Dr Nazish Iqbal

ABSTRACT:

Background: In Pakistan, the death of the people is mostly affected due to malaria. In various parts of the world, there found variations in the incidence of malaria. On laboratory examination, anaemia, leucopenia and thrombocytopenia indicate malaria. Whereas, in the clinical checkup, headache, acute renal failure, joints pain, dizziness, hepatopathy, congenital malaria, chills and fever with rigours are some factors that mark the presence of malaria. Objective: This study was conducted on the patients of malaria in order to determine the frequency of thrombocytopenia and kinds of parasites found among patients of malaria. Materials and Methods: This research study was conducted in the timeframe of September 2017 to October 2018 at Services Hospital, Lahore. The people at the risk of having malaria were selected for this research. Malaria identification was made on the basis of laboratory parameters (thick and thin film), history and physical assessment. SPSS was used for data entry and assessment. Results: Total patients selected for this research study were 273 with malaria identification among 190 patients (69.6%). Falciparum malaria and Plasmodium Vivax effected 45 patients (23.7%) and 145 patients (76.3%) respectively. Falciparum species infected 33 (21.8%) patients, the species of vivax infected 118 (78.1%) patients and thrombocytopenia were observed in 151 (79.5%) patients out of 190 patients. Conclusion: Based on the outcomes, it is illustrated that Vivax and Falciparum malaria is found in most of the patients of the target area. Different frequency of thrombocytopenia was also present in the majority of the patients. Keywords: Falciparum, Vivax, Species, Malaria, Thrombocytopenia and Plasmodium.

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