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TITLE:

ANALYSIS OF ROLE OF FILL CORRECTION OF MYOPIA IN REGULATION OF INTRA OCULAR PRESSURE

AUTHORS:

Dr Rumesa Mehmood, Dr Zoha Asim, Dr Bilal Younas

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: From a clinical perspective, high intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for glaucoma, and it is the only proven treatable risk factor. People with a high IOP with no proof of having primary open-angle glaucoma are considered at risk of developing optic nerve damage, even if they do not suffer from any ocular disease. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to analyze the role of fill correction of myopia in regulation of intra ocular pressure. Material and methods: This analytical study was conducted in Basic Health Unit Nawabpur, Multan during March 2018 to December 2018. By independent simple random sample selection technique total 65 patients from 15 to 35 years old of either sex having spherical myopia -1.0 to -4.0 D, and intraocular pressure 14 to 20 mm Hg, and wearing glasses for the first time were enrolled for study. Inter pupillary distance, back vertex distance, and visual acuity were noted. Results: The overall mean of IOP was 15.8 ± 3.6 mmHg, and the median IOP of total subjects was 15 (range: 6–28) mmHg. The median IOP of men was 15 (range: 6–28) mmHg and 16 (range: 6–28) mmHg for women, which was not statistically significant (p = 0.268). It shows a relationship between the overall median IOP and age comparing 20–45 years group to 46–69 years group, and there was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.748). Conclusion: It is concluded that myopia should not be under corrected in young persons, as full correction is more effective in reducing IOP than under correction.

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