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TITLE:

ANALYSIS OF BLOOD GLUCOSE IN DIABETIC PATIENTS UNDERGOING DENTAL PROCEDURES

AUTHORS:

Rida Amjad, Muhammad Shoaib Amjad, Maryam Musaddiq

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus, a world-wide increasing disease, is related to a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from either defects in secretion or insulin action or even both. Aims and objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the level of blood glucose in diabetic patients undergoing dental procedures. Material and methods: This study was conducted at Services Institute of Medical Sciences, Lahore during 2018. The patients selected for this study were those who suffered from diabetes. The sample included only the patients who presented blood glucose levels and HbA1c demonstrating that diabetes was under control. They should also be under continuous oral hypoglycemic drugs treatment, medical supervision and no dose alterations. Blood pressure was measured using a digital sphygmomanometer and pulse oximetry and heart rate measured by pulse oximetry. Results: There is no statistically significant difference between the groups, regarding the evaluation period (p> 0.05). However, when comparing the periods statistically significant differences were observed (p <0.05) for T2 and T3 values for group. For heart rate, there was no statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the evaluation period (p> 0.05). Conclusion: It is concluded that periodontal disease is the main oral clinical manifestation in diabetic patients. The anxiety level of patients neither varied significantly nor showed any correlation with the investigated hemodynamic parameters and glucose levels, regardless of whether local anesthetics were used

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