Dr. Faisal Mahmood Cheema, Dr. Mateen Qaiser Butt, Dr Mohsin Yousaf
Definition: Medicating self means that selecting and using drugs which are used to treat self-recognized sickness or indications. Objective: We aimed in this study to find out the numerous psychosocial reasons related to self-medication. Study Design: A case-controlled study based on population. Place and Duration: We conducted this study for a time duration of 12 months starting from 1stJanuary,2018 to 31st December, 2018at Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi. Methodology: We selected 100 patients for our study and divided them equally into two groups in which 50 were cases and 50 were controlled depending on a due written agreement based on conditions and examined them through a pretested question based proforma and analyzation was done through SPSS 21 by collecting and compiling their information. Calculation of 95 % confidence intervals and odds ratio was done by determination of demographic statics through multivariate logistic regression analysis and frequency tables. Results: With the average of 18 ± 0.0338 SD below 25 years of age with the percentage of 87.0% of people have more self-medication. It was average in Females and males with the percentage of 61.0% and 39.0% respectively. Comparatively its was observed more in above metric Qualification and less in below matriculation with the percentage of 96.0% and 4.0% respectively. Self-medication was done more regularly in married cases and unmarried cases with the average of 85.0% and 15.0% respectively. Furthermore, through bivariate study self-medication was also related to anxiety, lower socioeconomic status, easy availability of medicines, tentativeness to consult the doctor and self-confidence but through multivariate studies it was obtained suggestively related to edge of knowledge, illiteracy, hesitation to meet the doctor and constant revelation to ailment by control of all other risky influences. Conclusion:Females with the age less than 25, singles and having more qualification than metric were observed to most self-medicate. Self-medication was observed through our analysis that it is radically related to the causes like edge of education, continuous exposure to ailment, hesitancy to visit the doctor, anxiety, lower socioeconomic condition, self-confidence, and easy availability of medicines. Key Words:community, self-medication, psychosocial factors.