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TITLE:

STUDY TO KNOW THE FREQUENCY OF DENTAL ANOMALIES IN ORTHODONTIC PATIENTS

AUTHORS:

Dr. Saad Bin Tariq,Dr. ShehryarAlam Khan, Dr. MahwishMumtaz

ABSTRACT:

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of dental abnormalities during routine clinical examination and oral diagnosis. Study design:A Prospective Study. Location and Duration: The study was conducted at the department of orthodontics and it was coordinated with the department of periodontology, prosthodontics and the out- patient dental filter clinic for one year duration from December 2017 to December 2018. Method: A total of 345 patients (male: female: 148: 197) in the orthodontic department were examined regarding the most common dental anomalies related to number (hyperdontic / hypodontic) and height (microdonti) in the orthodontic section orally and radiographically. makrodonti, fusion, jewel). (densevaginatus, dens dente, taurodontism) and enamel structure (amelogenesisimperfecta) and dentin (dentinogenesisimperfecta) form. The age range was 9 to 44 years (mean age 26.4). The selected patients did not show systemic disorders or related syndromes. Results: In general, 18.8% of the patients examined showed dental anomalies. In males (mean total 78.3), 23.7 had more dental anomalies than females. Among the large anomalies found, hypodontics was the cause of the most common dental anomaly (mean value: 57.8), followed by upper teeth (mean value: 12.4) and taurodontism (mean value: 7.2). ). Gender distribution for hyperdontia was higher in males with higher affinity than females (mean value 77.4) (mean value 23.7), microdontia, hypodontics and amelogenesisimperfecta. In addition, women had higher affinity with higher-level paramoles (mean value 84.7) than males (mean value 15.3), and mesiodensdens in males (mean value 87.6) were more frequent in males (mean value 87.6). 4.12). Females showed more affinity for lost teeth, especially mandibular premolar (mean value 88.4) and upper lateral incisors (mean value 65.4). Conclusion: A wide range of dental anomalies were found to cause localized malocclusion, loss of space in orthodontics and dental aesthetic problems. These anomalies require teamwork of orthodontics, restorations and periodontics and are used for the functional and aesthetic restoration of dentists. For this reason, appropriate diagnosis and diagnosis of dental anomalies should be done routinely during clinical and radiographic evaluation. Key words:Dental anomalies, Hyperdontia, Hypodontics, Orthodontics.

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