Dr Manal khan, Dr Ghazala Dawood Abbasi, Dr Ahmad Bilal
Introduction: As the incidence of diabetes continues to rise and increasingly affects individuals of all ages, including young adults and children, women of childbearing age are at increased risk of diabetes during pregnancy. Objectives of the study: The main objective of the study is to analyze the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes in pregnancy among local female population of Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Islamic International Medical College Rawalpindi (RIU) during June 2018 to December 2018. The data was collected from 100 female patients. We designed a study to associate maternal BMI and GWG with pregnancy outcomes in local women of Pakistan with GDM and examine whether these narrower pregnancy weight gain recommendations are predictive of adverse perinatal outcomes in Pakistani population. Results: According to the pre-pregnancy BMI, 96 women (11.5%) were underweight, 558 (67.1%) were of normal weight, 134 (16.1%) were overweight and 44 (5.3%) were obese. The level of glycated hemoglobin was significantly higher in the overweight and obese groups than in normal weight and underweight groups (P < 0.05). In addition, birth weight was significantly higher in overweight or obese women than in underweight women (P < 0.05). Conclusion: It is reasoned that high pre-pregnancy BMI and unnecessary GWG are related with higher frequencies of LGA, and in addition other unfavorable results in Chinese ladies with GDM.