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TITLE:

FREQUENCY AND RATE OF RISK OF BIRTH FRACTUES IN NEONATES

AUTHORS:

Dr. Muhammad Nabeel, Dr. Syeda Madiha Zaheer, Dr. Attiya Arif

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The fractures of skeleton faced by the newborns at the time of birth or delivery are BF (birth fractures. The main objective of this research work was to conclude the various types and occurrence of birth fractures in two different health centers. Methodology: It is a transverse research work in which the review of all the files of delivery carried out in Mayo Hospital Lahore. This study started in August 2017 and lasted up to September 2018. Record fulfilment about factors associated with females & newborns as delivery type, fractures of the bones, weight at the time of birth & mother known diseases carried out. Results: in the duration of this one year study, 10722 births happened, 7823 were normal deliveries through vagina & 2899 deliveries carried out with the help of cesarean operation. Complication in deliveries occurred in 21 cases due to birth fractures. Fifteen cases were the victim of clavicle & 6 were the victim of humerus fractures. We found no important risk factor other than the acknowledged ones. Conclusion: The most frequent site of the BF was clavicle and majority of these complications occurred with the acknowledgement of the risk aspects. We found that it was impossible to avoid such fractures at the time of delivery but we should attempt to identify the mothers with great risks and babies before the time of labor pain. In those complicated cases, there should be a preference of cesarean operation as a safe procedure for the accurate delivery. Keywords: fractures, clavicle, victim, cesarean, complication, frequent, methodology, newborns, neonate, frequency

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