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TITLE:

THE OCCURRENCE OF MALARIA INFECTION IN THE POPULATION OF MULTAN, PUNJAB

AUTHORS:

Dr Khadeeja Safdar, Dr Sidra Ahmed, Dr Sana Bashir

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The purpose of this research work is to find out the occurrences of the infections due to malarial parasites in the populations of Multan city. Methodology: The parasites of malaria were diagnosed in the slides of blood of patients of these infections from the start of July 2016 to June 2018 and this research included three thousand four hundred and seventy-one patients. Both procedures of PCS (Passive Case Detection) & ACD (Active Case Detection) were in utilization for the diagnosis of malaria patients. Results: Out of three thousand four hundred and seventy-one malaria patients, about thirty-eight percent participants found + for the parasites of malaria in the smear slides of blood. Out of + patients, four hundred and fifty-one patients discovered with the infection of Plasmodium vivax & eight hundred and sixty patients had the infection of P. falciparum. P. falciparum infection was very common in the district of Multan. We found no infection of Plasmodium malariae & P. ovale found in this research work. Conclusion: The infection of the malaria is very common in district of Multan, which is one of the hot areas of Punjab, the province of Pakistan. In medically supposed patients of malaria, the observation of high slide rate of positivity occurred. The rate of prevalence of 65.5% of P. falciparum creates a serious danger to health because not p. falciparum but with P. vivax infection of 34.4% may cause the serious diseases as malaria of cerebral malaria. The high rate infection due to malaria should be a concern for the officials of program of malaria control in the country. Key Words: Parasite, malaria, infection, patient, P. falciparum, P. vivax, common, prevalence.

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