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TITLE:

PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN DIABETES MELLITUS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS

AUTHORS:

Dr.Tafseer Zahra,Dr.Azka Areej, Dr.Hira Jamil

ABSTRACT:

Background: The study of diabetic patients, their clinical profile of pulmonary tuberculosis and radiographic patterns of pulmonary tuberculosis in diabetic patients. Methods: The study included 100 patients that had diabetes mellitus and pulmonary tuberculosis. The range included of both genders who have been admitted to Services Hospital Lahore. Results: The patients underwent the blood sugar test and the fasting blood sugar value showed definite co-relation with pulmonary tuberculosis. The patients who had fasting blood sugar value between 201 to 300mg/dl were 41% and value between 151-200mg/dl 30% and the remaining 23% of the patients had this value above 300mg/dl. Mean fasting blood sugar value was 234.4mg/dl. Lung lesions were noted in 37% of the cases on right side and left sided lesions were found in 33% of the cases. Upper lobe lesions were noted in 68% and bilateral lesions in 30% of the cases. Conclusions: Diabetes mellitus when uncontrolled, patients are more prone to develop pulmonary tuberculosis compared to non-diabetics. Sputum examination most of times shows to be positive in diabetics as compared to non-diabetics.

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