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TITLE:

THE DETERMINATION OF FREQUENCY OF ETIOLOGICAL AGENTS AMONG ACUTE BACTERIAL MENINGITIS PATIENTS, RELATIVE TO CLINICAL OUTCOME

AUTHORS:

Dr. Hina Andaleeb, Dr. Ayesha Zafar, Dr. Rabia Jamil

ABSTRACT:

Objectives: The research objective is the determination of the frequency of etiological agents like Neisseria meningitides, Haemophilus influenza, and Streptococcus pneumonia in Acute Bacterial Meningitis having CSF-culture as ‘positive’. To determine the survival frequency of Acute Bacterial Meningitis patients. Material and Methods: We conducted this case-series study at Medicine Department of Services Hospital, Lahore (January 2017 to September 2017). We selected 292 patients having Acute Bacterial Meningitis for our study. Results: We recorded (39.98 ± 17.57) years of mean age among patients. The number of patients with Streptococcus pneumonia, Neisseria meningitides, and Haemophilus influenza was 52% (153), 36% (105), and 12% (34) respectively. We recorded 82% (239) with survival and 18% (53) patients expired. Conclusion: The study concludes that SP is the most common EA that causes ABM. The number of male victims of ABM is higher than that of the females though survival has no association with gender. The age of the patient significantly associates with survival. Keywords: Acute Bacterial Meningitis (ABM), Streptococcus Pneumonia (SP), Haemophilus Influenza (HI), Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF), Neisseria Meningitides (NM), Etiological Agents (EA), and Invasive Meningococcal Disease.

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.