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Dr Maniba Habib, Dr. Javeria Gul, Dr. Waqas Ahmad


Objectives: To evaluate the correlation between gestational weight gain (GWG) and pregnancy outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methodology: A cross-sectional observational study was undertaken at Name of the hospital, City, Country from [Duration of the study]. A total of 65 pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus were enrolled in the study and a same number of control participants. Women with multiple gestations and those with cardiac heart disease or diabetes mellitus(type 1 or type 2) were excluded from the study. Data regarding maternal demographics including prepregnancy BMI, parity, and age were collected using standardized pro formas. Maternal weight gain during pregnancy was calculated from the patient's self-reported prepregnancy weight at each trimester. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS v.25) was used to analyze the data. P-value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The mean age + SD for GDM patients was 30.6 + 6.3 years and with the mean parity of 3.4 + 1.2. Whereas, the mean age + SD for controls was 24.7 + 5.3 years with the mean parity of 4.6 + 1.5. The mean prepregnancy BMI of 28.2 + 7.6 kg/m2 in GDM patients while a mean prepregnancy BMI of 24.9 + 5.7 kg/m2 was reported in the study (p=0.01). The mean total gestational weight gain was 13.6 + 1.3 kg in patients with GDM while 14.99 + 1.69 kg in the control group. It was observed that the maternal age was associated with increased risk of developing GDM. Furthermore, it was reported that the increase of 1 unit of prepregnancy BMI increased the risk for GDM by 14%. Conclusion: Our results emphasize that first trimester weight gain is a risk factor that is independent of other traditional predictors, including prepregnancy BMI. Key words: Gestational weight gain, gestational diabetes mellitus, first trimester, body weight index (BMI)

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