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TITLE:

PREVALENCE OF PRE-ECLAMPSIA AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN WOMEN

AUTHORS:

Dr Tahira Bashir, Dr Hina Shahab, Dr Amber Farid Awan

ABSTRACT:

Introduction: Preeclampsia is a serious complication affecting 2-8% of all pregnancies. Globally, more than 287,000 women die each year due to pregnancy related causes, of which 10-15% are estimated to be due to preeclampsia. Objectives of the study: The main objective of the study is to analyze the prevalence of pre-eclampsia and its association with body mass index in women. Methodology of the study: This cross sectional study was conducted in RHC Dijkot and DHQ Narowal during April 2018 to December 2018. This study was done with the permission of ethical committee of hospital. The data was collected from 200 female patients and they visit the OPD of the hospital regularly. The data was collected through a systematically designed questionnaire. BMI (weight (kg)/height (m)2) was calculated and categorized into underweight, normal, overweight, obese class I and obese class II–III according to the definitions of the World Health Organization. Results: The data were collected from 200 females, overall pre pregnancy mean BMI was 23.5, 6.6% were births to underweight mothers, 62.1% to normal weight mothers, 24.0% to overweight mothers and 7.3% to obese mothers. The highest mean BMI and highest proportion with obesity were found among women above 35 years of age, women who had the highest education, women with missing information on marital status, business or professional women, women from the Chagga tribe, and women with four or more ANC visits. Differences in mean BMI were modest, and only among mothers above 35 years of age was mean BMI above 25. Conclusion: It is concluded that increasing prevalence of obesity in pre pregnant women in low income countries hinders efforts to improve perinatal health and reduce maternal mortality.

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