ResearcherID - CLICK HERE

TITLE:

A CROSS- SECTIONAL STUDY TO DETERMIINE THE FREQUENCY OF OBESITY AND ITS RELATION WITH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

AUTHORS:

Dr. Aqib Habib, Dr. Areeha Ashfaq, Dr. Ateeqa Mujeeb Ullah

ABSTRACT:

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of obesity among the adult male population and to assess the relation of obesity with physical activity, life style and caloric intake. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study design was conducted from January 2019 to March 2019, in THQ Hospital Shah Pur, Sargodha. The sample size was 400 according to WHO sample size calculation with 50% prevalence, 95% confidence interval and 5% precision. Adult males of age group 20-60 years were included in the study while male age either less than 20 or more than were excluded from the study population. A multistage sampling technique was followed in this study. A pretested structured questionnaire was used for data collection of various variables like age, occupation, and average daily food intake, moderate to severe physical activity causing calories burn. Height and weight were measured and Body Mass Index was calculated for each of the individual by means of standard measuring protocols. Data analysis and interpretation were done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences and Microsoft Excel software programs and results were evaluated in the light of the proposed hypothesis and presented in forms of frequency and percentage. Results: Our study results showed 20% prevalence of obesity. The average calories intake per person was more in approximately 75% of the study population. The average calories burns per day were 1442.85 calories which were less as compared to international food guidelines. Among the obese, 95% had decreased physical activity and more calories intake as compared to normal non obese men. Our results showed that decreased physical activity/ sedentary life style showed positive correlation with obesity. Conclusion: Sedentary lifestyles, high caloric intake, and reduce physical activity the significant factors associated with obesity in adult males. Key Words: Prevalence, Obesity, BMI, Physical Activity, Sedentary, Life Style, Caloric Intake.

FULL TEXT

Top
  • Follows us on
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.