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TITLE:

IMPACTS OF SMOKING ON THE QUALITY OF SEMEN OF STERILE MALES

AUTHORS:

Dr Zain Ul Abdin Khalid, Dr Muhammad Mughees Anjum, Dr Muhammad Faisal Naeemi

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The aim of this research work is to assess the impacts of habit of cigarette smoking on the quality of semen on sterile or infertile males. Methodology: Total 214 males with infertility with addiction of cigarette smoking and 130 males with infertility but not addict of cigarette smoking were the part of this research work. The examination of volume of semen, concentration of sperms, and motility of sperms, viability & morphology carried out. 75 males with infertility and non-smoker having the age of twenty-five to forty years with having their children were performing the role of healthy controls in this research work. Results: Majority of the parameters of the semen in the people who were smoking from a long duration were very low in comparison with the values of these parameters in the non-smokers. The findings of this research work showed that spermatozoa quality obtained from smokers was lower in comparison with the non-smokers. The concentration of the sperms, sperms viability & progression to move further found with negative correlation with the members of smokers of cigarette. Conclusions: The results of this research work conclude that there are clear impacts of cigarette smoking on the quality of semen of sterile males. There are many toxins present in the smoke of cigarettes. There are many dangerous impacts of those toxins on the fertility of males. The stop of the cigarette smoking is the best way for the preventions of various toxins present in the smokes of cigarettes. Keywords: Sterile, Cigarette, Motility, Sperm, Viability, Spermatozoa, Concentration, Progression, Non-Smokers.

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.