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TITLE:

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE INTEGRATED USE OF ENZYME MEDICATION "PROTOSUBTILIN G3x" AND "CELLOLUX-F" IN QUAIL BREEDING

AUTHORS:

Gogaev Oleg Kazbekovich, Khasieva Tomara Lyubomirovna, Demurova Al'bina Ruslanovna, Tohtieva Larisa Hazbekirovna

ABSTRACT:

Comprehensive usage of such medications as "Protosubtilin G3x" and "Cellolux-F" is suggested in order to improve the efficiency of meat production and its quality. To achieve this goal, we conducted studies in the foothills of the North Caucasus in the period from 2013 to 2015. During the experiment, we formed four groups of 50 quails in each: the I – control group, which was fed with standard combined fodder recommended by All-Russian research and technological Institute of poultry; the II experimental group of quails – for which 0.03% "Protosubtilin G3x" was given with combined fodder»; the III experimental group of quails – for which 0.02% "Protosubtilin G3x" + 0.007% " Cellolux-F " were added to the combined fodder, the IV experimental group - in addition to their main diet received 0.01%"Cellolux-F". Against the background of the use of the studied medications, the number of red blood cells in the blood of quails of the first, second and third experimental groups was higher than among analogues from the control group on the 14th day by 1,06; 3,18; 4,24%, on the 28th day-1,9; 0,3; 2,7%, on the 56th day-3,7; 2,4; 6%. The number of white blood cells in the blood of quails of the first, second and third experimental groups was higher in comparison with the control group on the 14th day by 5,3; 3,9; 5,7%, on the 28th day - 5,3; 4,5; 6,8%, on the 56th day-3,7; 7,7; 4%. The content of hemoglobin in quails of the first, second and third experimental groups was higher than among analogues from the control group, respectively, on the 14th day by 0,9; 1,6; 1,1%, on the 28th day by 2,3; 3,9; 3,8%, on the 56th day by 0,2; 0,9; 2%. The number of eosinophils in the third experimental group decreased by 10%, and in the first group - 5% in comparison with the control group. Integrated use of such medications as "Protosubtilin G3x" and "Cellolux-F" contributes to a significant increase in the live weight and average daily gain of young quails; the pre-slaughtering weight of quails of the experimental group increased by 12,05; 3,79 and of 10,03%. The average mass of gutted quail carcass was higher in the experimental groups by 11,8, 3,43 and 10,03%. The protein content per 100 g of dry matter is higher in the first group, in the experimental groups by 0,35; 0,07; 0,26% compared with analogues from the control group. The fat content per 100 g of dry matter in the first, second and third experimental groups is lower than in the control group by 2; 0,42; 0,76%, respectively. The mass of edible parts of the carcass is higher in the experimental groups by 18,77; 7,32 and 15,05%, respectively. At the same time, there was no negative impact of the complex use of these medications on the quality of quail meat. Keywords: quail, red blood cells, hemoglobin, leukocytes, enzyme medications, live weight, meat productivity, meat quality.

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