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TITLE:

OCCURRENCE OF INFECTIONS DUE TO HBV & HCV AND THE ASSOCIATED RISK FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS WHO GOT ADMISSION FOR OCULAR THERAPY

AUTHORS:

Dr Anam Ashraf, Dr. Ziad Jamil, Saman Akhter

ABSTRACT:

Abstract: Objective: This research work aimed to find out the occurrence of infections due to HBV & HCV and the associated risk factors among patients who got admission for ocular therapy at an eye care center located in Lahore, Pakistan. Methodology: Total 931 patients got admission in the hospital for the ocular treatment, we conducted the screening of those patients for the presence of infections due to HBV and/or HCV. All the patients with both genders with greater than 30 year of age were the part of this case work. The screening for hepatitis B virus antigen HBsAg & anti-hepatitis C virus antibody carried out with the utilization of the method of chromatography. The positive samples were those which were reactive again and again for HBsAg and/or anti-hepatitis C virus antibody. Results: Out of total nine hundred and thirty one patients, 53.30% (n: 497) were the male patients & 46.70% (n: 434) were the female patients. We identified the infections of HBV and HCV in 17.90% (n: 167) patients. The prevalence of infections of hepatitis B virus in this study period was 4.60%, hepatitis C infection was 13.30% & for both HBV & HCV was 3.90%. Relating to the prompting features, previous history of transfusion of blood was available in 8.30% patients, injection in 89.20% patients, having shave from barbers in 52.60% patients & 27.50% (n: 46) patients appeared with the previous surgical history. Conclusion: There should be an arrangement of vaccination and screening on populations to prevent the transmission of infections because of hepatitis C virus and hepatitis B virus and there should be routine programs to for the awareness of the common public for vaccination of these infections and different risk factors which are the main reasons for the spread of these infections. KEY WORDS: Transmission, HBV, HCV, infection, vaccination, surgical, injection, prompting, risk factors, antibody, screening.

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