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TITLE:

PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS B AND HEPATITIS C INFECTION IN PATIENTS ADMITTED IN VARIOUS SURGICAL WARDS AT NISHTAR HOSPITAL MULTAN

AUTHORS:

Muhammad Salman, Yamna Khalid, Dr. Hafiz Zafar Ullah

ABSTRACT:

Objective: This study is to evaluate the prevalence of hepatitis B (HBV) & hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and its associated risk factors in patients admitted for surgical treatment at a tertiary care centre in Multan Pakistan. Methodology: Four hundred and six patients admitted for various surgical procedures at Nishtar hospital Multan were screened for HBV and HCV. Patients of either gender, with above twenty years of age were included. Screening for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) antibodies against HCV (anti-HCV) was performed through chromatography method. Blood samples that were repeatedly reactive for HBsAg or anti-HCV were considered positive. Results: Out of 406 registered patients, 289 (71.1%) were male and 117 (28.8%) female. The overall seroprevalence of HBV infection within the study period was 4.3%, HCV 13.1%, and for HBV and HCV both was 3.7%. Regarding the etiological factors, previous history of blood transfusion was present in 10.46% patients, needle injection 93.02%, barber shaving 24.18%, and 20.93% patients had past history of surgery. Conclusion: For the repression of transmission of HBV & HCV infection, the awareness in community regarding risk factors for spread of HCV and vaccination of hepatitis B and implementation of screening of both hepatitis B and C on large scale should be ensured. Key Words: Hepatitis B and C, Risk Factors, Prevention, Multan, Pakistan.

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