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TITLE:

OCCURRENCE OF THROMBOCYTOPENIA AMONG ADMITTED PATIENTS OF MALARIA

AUTHORS:

Dr Aqsa Hameed, Dr Khadija Asif, Dr Samra Ramzan

ABSTRACT:

Objective: The aim of this case work is to evaluate the prevalence & extremity of the thrombocytopenia in the admitted patients of Malaria. Study Design and Setting: This is a prospective research work conducted in Allied Hospital Faisalabad. The duration of this research was from September 2017 to January 2019. Methodology: All the patients who were under treatment because of high fever with no localizing symptoms were the part of this research work. Examination of peripheral smears for the parasite of malaria was the ideal procedure for the identification of this disease of malaria. The patients found positive with parasite of malaria were the members of this research work. The determination of the hematological factors carried out with the utilization of the automated analyzer. The re-evaluation of the patients available with decreases count of platelets carried out with the utilization of manual procedure. Result: A sum of total one hundred and twenty patients underwent testing for the identification of malaria in the whole duration of this research work. Total 60 patients were available with peripheral smears as positive. Eighty-five percent (n: 51) patients positive for P. falciparum & fifteen percent (n: 9) patients were positive for P. vivax. Total seventy percent patients (n: 42) found with the presence of thrombocytopenia. Sixty-six percent (n: 32) patients were male and 24.0% (n: 10) were female patients. Ninety-three percent (n: 39) patients suffering from thrombocytopenia were positive for P. falciparum & only seven percent (n: 3) patients found with P. vivax. Thrombocytopenia of mild nature was present in 70.0% (n: 29) patients, moderate in 22.0% (n: 9) & severe in 8.0% (n: 4) patients. Conclusion: The high rate of mild to extreme nature thrombocytopenia was available in the admitted patients in hospital which is an alert to the prospect of infection because of malaria. The most frequent found specie in those patients was P. falciparum. KEY WORDS: Infection, Malaria, Falciparum, Vivax, Smear, Peripheral, Thrombocytopenia, Endemic.

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