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TITLE:

ORAL VERSUS INTRAVENOUS ROUTE OF ANTIEMETIC MEDICATION: WHICH IS BETTER TO CONTROL ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS

AUTHORS:

Dr Muhammad Usman Khan, Dr Qurrat ul Aen Zafar, Dr. Komal Nizam

ABSTRACT:

Acute gastroenteritis is very much common among diseases which causes mortality among under-developed countries. Seventy percent of the acute gastroenteritis episodes is because of viruses. An effective approach to treat the onset of acute gastroenteritis is oral rehydration therapy. It is also suggested and recommended as well as first-line management therapy. However, ORS is a simple solution which is underused. Underuse of oral rehydration therapy is explained through an onset of vomiting. Antiemetics are not suggested in regular routine for the treatment of acute gastroenteritis but they are still prescribed. Ondansetron is much-explored antiemetics which enhances the role of oral rehydration therapy compliance and it also reduces hospitalization. Recent studies produced few pieces of evidence; on the basis of these evidence the recommendation of antiemetics have largely shifted as per the new guidelines. Keywords: Vomiting, Gastroenteritis, Antiemetic, Rotavirus, Ondansetron, Intravenous Therapy, Oral Rehydration Therapy and Guideline.

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