Dr. Suzan Atia Alsaid *, Dalal Owith Al-osimi , Fatima Moeesh Altalhi , Nada Mohammed Al-Sufyani , Reham Faleh Algethami , Rana Adel Alkhaldi , Norah Talal Alqarashe
Introduction: Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological disorder in the community that is characterized by irresistible urge to move the extremities especially leg that is usually experienced during rest or at night. The study is aimed to assess the association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and hypertension (HTN) among Saudi Arabia population. Materials and Method: A pre-tested and validated questionnaire was used for data collection after identifying the participants who had RLS through hospital records. An online questionnaire was sent to 528 people who had RLS and we got completed responses from 386 participants thus giving a response rate of 73.1%. The questionnaire recorded socio-demographic details, presence of systemic diseases and common symptoms related to RLS. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 23 and Pearson’s Chi-square test was used to find an association between categorical variables. Results: The prevalence of hypertension among people with RLS was found to be 17.6%. The symptoms of RLS were predominantly seen more commonly among females than males and this showed a statistical significance (p<0.05). Also, most of the symptoms were seen more in the hypertensive patient than people those who didn't have the disease (p<0.05). The relationship between the presence of insomnia and hypertension showed a statistically significant association (p<0.05). Conclusion: The findings of the study show a primary level of evidence of association with hypertension with Rest Leg Syndrome. People who suffered insomnia had also shown an association with RLS. There is a need for more analytical prospective studies to explore a causal relationship between hypertension and RLS.