Sultan Alzaher , Mohammed Alfaifi , Mohammed Alqarni , Mohamed Jaradi , Bander Alamri , Meaad Alaqil , Ahlam Jawah, Omer Abdullah Assiri
This paper focus on available imaging modalities in the emergency department (ED) which have allowed a more rapid diagnosis of pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade, their benefits and disadvantages. With earlier discovery, the required treatments can be implemented. Consequently, precise and prompt diagnosis is crucial. Our search was developed an electronic search in MEDLINE, & Embase, PsychInfo, Cochrane, CINAHL databases, through the time up to December 2019, our search strategy used several terms including; pericardial tamponade AND combined with; pericardial effusions, diagnosis, emergency department (ED). Cardiac tamponade is a typical cardiac emergency needing timely diagnosis and intervention. A thorough understanding of the spectrum of professional and hemodynamic modifications in patients with pericardial effusion is crucial for interventional cardiologists. Clinicians need to recognize the physiology of cardiac tamponade, particularly in cases without large pericardial effusion, and associate the indications of clinical tamponade along with the echocardiographic results. The drainage of cardiac tamponade is life preserving. Emergency medical professionals have been revealed to have a high degree of accuracy in making the diagnosis, decreasing the requirement for the time or expense of detailed or consultative echocardiography. A high index of suspicion with appropriate diagnostic arcades decreases the concomitant morbidity and death.