Dr. Nimrah Ehsan, Dr. Kiran Javed, Dr. Areeba Riaz
Introduction: Pregnant women with severe nausea and vomiting may have hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), a separate entity from nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), which if left untreated may lead to increased maternal and fetal morbidity. Aims and objectives: The main objective of the study is to analyse the Incidence of depression and post natal depression in women with hyperemesis gravidarum and NVP. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in Holy Family Hospital Rawalpindi during March 2019 to December 2019. This study was done with the permission of ethical committee of hospital. Data were collected from 100 pregnant female patients. Participants were selected through randomly sampling technique. All the data were collected through a questionnaire. The data was divided into two groups, one was control group and one was selected patients. We compare the selected patients with control group. Results: The data was collected from 100 female patients. The mean maternal age of study and control groups were 28.4±5.5 and 29.4±5.7 years, respectively. Median gestational age of study participants was 11.1±2.1 weeks and 10.9±2.2 weeks for controls. No statistically significant difference was observed between the study and control groups in terms of maternal and gestational age, gravidity, parity, abortus, occupation, housing, and education levels. Only nine women in the NVP group reported a history of cigarette smoking before pregnancy, which was statistically insignificant between groups. Conclusion: It is concluded that NVP and HG are two of the most common medical conditions of pregnancy, management can be very challenging for the clinician.