Dr Faisal Bin Saeed, Dr Shahzad Ahmad Sattar, Dr Zainab Haq
Stroke is a heterogeneous syndrome. Various risk factors and treatment of stroke are dependent upon its pathogenesis, as it can be variable. Stroke has modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. For instance, age, gender, race falls under the non-modifiable category and hypertension, diet, lifestyle, and smoking fall under the modifiable category. Moreover, inflammatory disorders, pollution, infection, and cardiac arterial disorders can also trigger stroke. Stroke is a primary manifestation of rare, hereditary disorders caused by single- gene mutation, and rare genetic polymorphism. Generally, modifiable risks are considered for stroke prevention. As changes in lifestyle, eating habits, smoking cessation, workout, and positive attitude not only minimizes the stroke factors but also play a significant role in reducing CVD and hypertension disorders. Other treatment methods include the medical assistance for hypertension and diabetes that also triggers stroke.