Dr. Maryam Naeem, Muhammad Shahid, Dr Muhammad Ahmad
Aim: To determine the incidence of hypertension / obesity and factors affecting it. Methods: This cross-sectional study was held in the Medicine Unit II of Services Hospital Lahore for one-year duration from March 2019 to February 2020. No sample selection was used in this study. The study included people who underwent voluntary blood pressure monitoring (n = 1023). Blood pressure was classified according to JNC-8, and SBP 140 limits were obtained during the assessment, and body mass index limits (BMI kg / m2) was defined as BMI <30 and BMI during evaluation greater than 30. SPSS 21 was used to analyze statistical data, and p <0.05 proved to be statistically significant. Results: The ratio of people with SBP ›140was 244 (23.9%), and the ratio of people with BMI ≥ 30 was 312 (30.5%). The mean SBP of people with hypertension was 0.22 times (95% CI: 1.16-0.31) higher than that of people without hypertension, and the obesity rate was 0.49 times (95% CI: 0.36-0, 66). Conclusion: HT and obesity rates were found to be high in the subjects, and obesity was identified as an important HT risk factor. To prevent HT and obesity, diagnosis is necessary at an early stage to control HT. Awareness of the health risks caused by HT and people should be increased and encouraged to make the necessary changes in lifestyle behavior. Key words: awareness of hypertension, obesity, prevalence, HT.