Dr Rafia Anjum, Dr Hafsa Qazi, Dr Ayesha Shafqat
Introduction: Hernia is the protrusion of an organ through an abdominal opening in the muscle wall of the cavity that surrounds it. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to find the prevalence of hernia in relation to various risk factors. Material and methods: This cross sectional study was conducted in University College of medicine and dentistry (UOL) during March 2019 to November 2019. The patients included in the study group (group 1) were selected from patients with hernias with no other chronic disease who attended to the General Surgery Outpatient Unit. Results: The mean age of patients in Group 1 and 2 was 40.92 ± 17.80 and 33.71 ± 9.13, respectively. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of obstructive defecation and colonic inertia sub-scale scores (p < 0.01). A comparison between Group 1 and 2 in terms of OD sub scale score, CI subscale score, pain subscale score, and total scores showed significantly higher scores in Group 1 than in Group 2, except for the pain subscale. Conclusion: It is concluded that chronic constipation may facilitate the development of inguinal hernias through an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Abdominal wall hernias are a common clinical presentation.