Dr Ushna Nayyab,Dr Misbah Hameed,Dr Itfa Maheen
Infertility and sperm disorders have been a serious concern for a long period and are still a perplexing issue at present. Approximately 8 to 12% of couples are affected by this issue around the globe. The malefactor is 40- 50% in all the infertility cases and almost 2% of all men show the suboptimal sperm parameters. The reason might include poor sperm motility, low sperm concentration, or abnormal morphology with deformed sperm shape. In the underdeveloped or developing countries, the ratio of infertility is marked higher by WHO and it is found associated with infectious diseases. This review paper will aid in understanding the trends of male infertility factor in developing countries like Pakistan, and to sort out the future in this niche along with various factors responsible for male infertility.