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TITLE:

PREVALENCE OF ASTHMA AND RISK FACTORS IN KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA

AUTHORS:

Manal Abdulaziz Murad , Hoda Jehad Abousada, Muntha Ayman Aman , Jehad Ali Arizqi , Mohsen Abdullah Alzahrani , Afnan Abdulrahman Alsayed , Haneen Khaleed Almoutairi , Alaa Omar Abusarir , Mohammed Ahmed Asiri, Mohammed Hassan Alshehri , Safiah Ahmed Ali Assiri , Wasayf Mohammed Almehmadi

ABSTRACT:

Background: Asthma is a common airway disease among both adults and children. Therefore, it constitutes a global public health problem. Asthma is not curable, though the treatment can control the symptoms. Methodology: This was an analytical cross-sectional study that included 2015 participants who completed an online questionnaire within the period from March 17/ 2020 until July 30/ 2020, and covered the different regions of Saudi Arabia. Results: A total of 2015 participants, 51.2% of them were females, and the majority of the 73.3% were non-smokers. The prevalence of bronchial asthma among this population was 13.9%. These results demonstrated significant associations between family history (P=0.000), other allergic conditions (P=0.000) and passive smoking (P=0.002) and the incidence of bronchial asthma. The region also was significantly associated with the prevalence of bronchial asthma (P=0.002), as the central region ranked with the highest prevalence (17.8%). Conclusion: This study estimated a low prevalence among the adult population in the different regions of Saudi Arabia. The study indicated that the asthmatic patients were mainly irritated due to the following factors; air pollution, strong odors, fumes, common cold and sinusitis, tobacco smoking, and the weather changes. Most of the asthmatic patients inhabited the central region of Saudi Arabia.

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