Dr Najeeb Ullah, Dr Sabir Khan, Dr Seyab Ur Rahman
Objective: Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is a type of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although with improved health systems the mortality rate has declined over the past few decades, however it still accounts for one-third of all deaths of people above the age of 35 years. The present study examined the association of dietary patterns, smoking and physical activity with Coronary artery disease. Study Design: A case-control study Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Khyber Teaching Hospital MTI Peshawar for the duration of one year from May 2019 to May 2020. Materials and Methods: The total sample size was 360, of whom 120 were cases and 240 were controls matched for gender and age ±5 years. Non-probability convenient sampling technique was followed in sample selection. The data on dietary patterns, smoking and physical activity was collected with the help of a structured questionnaire and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software. Results: For the sample of 360, the mean age was 58.79 ± 13.356 and included 198 males and 162 females. The results showed that decreased number of cigarettes (OR: 0.889; 95% CI: 0.125-6.310), higher fruit consumption frequency (OR: 1.495, 95% CI 0.696-3.214) and physical activity (OR: 1.495, 95% CI 0.696-3.214) play a protective role in patients of CHD, while vegetable intake (OR: 1.181, 95% CI 0.529-2.637) and duration of exercise (OR: 0.933; 95% CI: 0.111-7.820) had insignificant role. Conclusion: There is association of smoking, physical activity and fruit consumption with CAD, however vegetable intake is not associated with CAD. Key Words: Coronary Artery Disease, Smoking, Diet, Physical Activity.