Dr Seyab Ur Rahman, Dr Sabir Khan, Dr Najeeb Ullah
Background: in recent period, renal failure has exposed a dreadful increase globally and there are increasing facts demonstrating that it can affect presentation and results of treatment in patient of TB disease. This study was performed to study the differences in presentation of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients who present with renal failure and who present without renal failure. Study Design: This was a Comparative Observational Study. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Khyber Teaching Hospital MTI Peshawar from January 2020 to July 2020. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of a total of 107 patients. All the patients who were diagnosed cases of pulmonary tuberculosis were chosen for this study and on the basis of the data patients were allotted to two groups. The patients of tuberculosis who were found to have renal failure were kept in Group one and other group had patients of tuberculosis without renal failure. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0. Quantitative data was presented as mean ± SD while qualitative was presented as frequency (%). T-test and chi- square test were used to assess the significance and p-value was set at 0.05. Results: In a total of 107 patients 62 (58%) were males and 45(42%) were females divided into 2 groups. The mean age of patients was 64.56±8.77 years in renal failure group and 38.25±12.70 years in without renal failure group. Substantial differences were observed between the 2 groups with respect to not only the laboratory values such as lymphocytes, neutrophils and protein but also with regards the clinical features (p<0.001). Conclusion: The present study concluded that a significant difference existed regarding the clinical indices of TB patients with renal failure and without renal failure in the patients. Key Words: Pulmonary Tuberculosis, renal failure, non-renal failure.