Sajeed Nazirudheen, Alharbi Rahaf, Alharbi Raghad, Thiga Ghaliah, Alsharif Mohammed
Background: Burnout syndrome is defined by the World Health Organization as “a result from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed”. It is characterized according to MBI (Maslach burnout inventory) by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Objectives: We aim to determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among medical residents of various specialties in Makkah in addition to measuring its association with sociodemographic characteristics of the sample. We also aim to compare the prevalence of burnout among different specialties. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 181 residents in Makkah using a valid questionnaire composed of two parts: the first part includes questions about the personal and professional characteristics of Medical residents. The second part includes the Maslach burnout inventory (MBI) English version (5), there are three components in the questionnaire: burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement. It was distributed by Co-investigators and completed by medical residents. Results: In the assessment of the three burnout domains (Burnout, Depersonalization, and personal achievements), High-level burnout was found among 38.1%, 75.1%, and 48.1% of the residents in the three domains respectively. Burnout score mean was 25±9.4, Depersonalization score mean was 20.2±10.4, and Personal achievements score mean was 34±8.7. No significant association was found between gender and any of the domains. However, a significant association was found between specialty and burnout domain. Conclusion: Our study supports previous results in the prevalence of burnout among residents, most common among neurology residents. These findings highly recommend serious strategies to be implemented to lessen the burden among residents.