Dr Zubaida Shireen, Dr Saira Qamar, Dr Amjad Liaqat
Introduction: Medical comorbidities have varied effects on the management of a patient for dento alveolar surgeries. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to find the frequency of medical co-morbidities in oral surgery and orthodontic patients. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Fatima Memorial College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore during 2019. A sample of 400 patients who visited the hospital during the study period were selected randomly for inclusion in the study. Results: The data was collected from 400 participants. The most common diagnoses were: dental caries (n = 177, 44.3%), screening for dental disorders (n = 21, 5.3%), chronic gingivitis (n = 15, 3.8%), and pulpitis (n = 13, 3.3%). The most common comorbidities in the 400 patients were anemia (n = 45, 11.3%) and diabetes (n = 21, 5.3%) followed by chronic gingivitis (n = 16, 4.0%), and hereditary factor VIII deficiency (n = 12, 3.0%). Conclusion: It is concluded that presentation of medically compromised patients in dentistry is inevitable. Proper assessment of co-morbid conditions, in relation with dental procedure and pre or post medication, is a basic necessity.