Dr Ujala Shahid, Dr Ayesha Javed, Dr Sofia Sandal
Objectives: There is frequent encounter with the demodex spp. of humans in all over the world. There is controversial role of these parasites is in causation of different diseases of skin. This research work was performed to find out the rate of incidence and relationship of demodicosis/demodex spp. with the acne rosacea. Methodology: The duration of this research work was from May 2016 to June 2020. This study was carried out in Mayo Hospital Lahore. Total 80 patients comprising 49 females and 31 males suffering from acne rosacea and randomly recruited 40 healthy controls, underwent for demodex spp. 25 patients were present with less than 30 years of age and 55 patients were present with more than 30 years of age. We plucked out the samples from surfaces of forehead and nose of the patients present with acne rosacea and healthy controls by SSSB (Standardized Surface Skin Biopsy) method in laboratory. We examined the preparations prepared in the Hoyer solution under light microscope with objectives of 4X & 10X. Results: Identified parasites were much high in the group of patients present with acne rosacea (65.630%) As compared to the subjects of control group (4.0%), in female patients (74.250%) than male patients (53.608%) and among patients with 30 years of age or more (74.670%) than the patients below 30 years of age (46.148%). We detected the significant association acne rosacea and sex, demodicosis and age. Conclusion: The findings of this research work concluded that there is strong association between acne rosacea and demodicosis. So, it is important for the dermatologists to consider the demodex spp. in the acne rosacea’s etiology. KEY WORDS: Etiology, Demodex Spp., Dermatologists, Prevalence, Association, Acne Rosacea.