Dr Ayesha Usman, Dr Iqra Zahra, Dr Nida Khan
Introduction: Hand hygiene of healthcare personnel is recognized as a crucial factor in limiting healthcare-associated infections. Objectives: The main objective of the study is to analyse the knowledge, attitude and practices pattern of hand washing in hospitals of Pakistan. Material and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Shalamar Medical and Dental College during June 2019 to January 2020. Hand hygiene product usage data were collected from locations where workers would have a high frequency of patient contact. All employed health care workers of all ages and gender, who were willing to participate in our study, were included. Results: The data was collected from 100 workers. The highest number of observations was seen in the Surgery n = 40 and ICU n = 34. With regards to overall compliance in the observance of hand hygiene 10 of the hospital staff were found to be compliant before touching the patient. In addition, 35 washed their hands after removing gloves as opposed to 25 that did not and 40 personnel observed hand hygiene after contact with body fluids and 40 did not. Conclusion: It is concluded that observance of hand hygiene is still low in our local environment. Hand washing practices in our study show that healthcare workers pay attention to hand hygiene, when it appears, there is a direct observable threat to their wellbeing.