Dr. Mariam Mohammed Alrsheedy, Dr. Hoda Jehad Abousada, Taif Shayish Alanazi, Reem Meshal Almijlad , Almagd Mtap Alanzai , Rasha Zaki Alruwaili , Rasil Naif Alanazi , Dhuha Faisal Alotaibi , Dalal Farhan Alanazi ¬, Mathayil Nazal Alruwaili
Objectives: This study aims to assess the prevalence of convulsions in children attending Pediatrics Emergency, Maternity and Children's Hospital of Arar City, and etiologies behind them in relation to demographical and clinical properties of the sample. Methods: A cross-sectional study on 243 convulsive cases whose data was derived from the hospital records. The data was collected in the form of a checklist including age, sex, nature of seizure, fever, history of head trauma, epilepsy, infectious diseases, previous history and family history of seizures and the final diagnosis was fulfilled. Results: Over half of the cases (51.9%) were males with continuing predominance in all relevant causes except in cases pertaining to elevated blood glucose and cerebral atrophy (100% females). FS (febrile seizure) was found to be the most common cause (76.1%) followed by epilepsy (17.3%), and then vaccine-associated convulsions in 5.1%. There was a strong significant correlation between convulsions and age group (P<0.05) with the majority of the cases in the range of 0-3 years. No significant association was found between family history of convulsions and receiving the diagnosis. Conclusion: Our study places emphasis on the results presented by their precedent literature in Arar; it found high prevalence of convulsions among children aged up to 3 years old with FS (Febrile seizures) being the most common cause out of all.