Dr Umm E Kalsoom Siddiqui, Dr. Shazia Amjed, Dr.Mehrin Usman Ali Arifa
Objective- In newborn infant’s pain management is underused particularly for mild to moderate pain. For this purpose, glucose and sucrose use can be very effective. The main objective of this is to analyze the oral dextrose effects on pain relief in newborn infants. Methodology- For this study 124 newborn infants were enrolled for clinical trial which was randomized controlled. The Study was conducted in Bahawalpur Victoria Hospital in Paediatric unit .Before venipunctures, the enrolled infants were randomized to get breast milk or oral dextrose (25%) two minutes. After venipunctures, to know the pain reactions oxygen saturation, heart rate, and NIPS pain scoring system was recorded. Results- After venipunctures in dextrose group, pain was significantly lower (at 1st minute NIPS pain score was 6.62+0.82 and 4.67+1.04, at 2nd minutes it was 4.08 ± 1.05 and 2.04 ± 1.45 and at 3rd minutes it was 3.02+1.08 and 1.63+0.76 respectively). After comparison it was observed that 1st group heart rate was higher than the 2nd group as in 2nd group it was (144.8 ± 12.44/min) and in 1st group it was (166.57 ± 12.25/min). In both groups, desaturation was observed. Conclusion- In newborn to manage pain from mild to moderate the solution of 2ml of 25% dextrose is non-pharmacologic, non-expensive, easy, and useful method. Keywords: analgesia, breast milk, dextrose, newborn, pain.