Dr Mariam Fatima Khokhar, Dr Aniqa Ejaz, Dr Sarang Sohoo
Diabetes mellitus, a world-wide increasing disease, is related to a heterogeneous group of metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from either defects in secretion or insulin action or even both. The basic aim of the study is to find the level of blood glucose concentration in diabetic patients undergoing tooth extraction. This cross sectional study was conducted at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center Karachi during October 2019 to June 2020. The patients selected for this study were those who suffered from diabetes. After the volunteers signed the consent form, a small sample of blood from the fingertip was taken and placed in the digital glucometer. There is no statistically significant difference between the groups, regarding the evaluation period (p> 0.05). However, when comparing the periods statistically significant differences were observed (p <0.05) for T2 and T3 values for group. It is concluded that periodontal disease is the main oral clinical manifestation in diabetic patients. Poorly controlled diabetes could lead to complications that may even be life- threatening. Long- term complications include: retinopathy, nephropathy, autonomic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy and cardiovascular disease.