Muhammad Asad Awan, Muhammad Habib Ur Rahman, Shahzad Saleem
Objectives: One of the major chronic neurological complication is epilepsy in children and it can affect 0.50% to 1.0% children. The main objective of this research work was to find out the prevalence rate and different kinds of structural abnormalities in the children suffering from epilepsy with the help of MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). Methodology: The research work was carried out in Aziz Fatima Hospital, Faisalabad. In this research work, we included children suffering from epilepsy who underwent MRI within six months after the identification of the disease from March 2015 to June 2020. Results: Among 220 children; 59.55% (n: 131) children were present without any abnormalities and 45.45% (n: 89) children were present with having at least one single abnormality in findings of MRI. The most common recorded lesions were encephalomalacia, brain atrophy and hydrocephaly with 5.90% (n: 13), 5.45% (n: 12) and 4.55% (n: 10) patients correspondingly. 31.06% (n: 69) patients were present with one single abnormality while 9.09% (n: 20) patients were present with 2 or greater lesions. Conclusion: There was high rate of abnormality in the examination through MRI in newly identified children suffering from epilepsy. This high rate of abnormality was just because of recently emerging epilepsy. Additionally, 9.09% (n: 20) patients were present with concomitant abrasions. There was detection of secondary lesions in the patients present with abnormality of corpus callosum, atrophy, hydrocephaly, hydrocephaly and encephalomalacia. There were unknown primarily formed abrasions, there is need of further research work for the consolidation of the results of this research work. KEYWORDS: Abnormality, Consolidation, Hydrocephaly, Abnormality, Concomitant, Neurology, Prevalence Rate.