Dr Zarnain Tariq, Dr Mirza Aun Muhammad Baig, Dr Zulaikha Yaqoob
Background and Objectives: Obesity, especially central obesity, is linked to hypertension. The purpose of this study was to compare the systolic and diastolic blood pressure (B.P.) in healthy, overweight and obese controls. Study design: An analytical cross-sectional study. Place and Duration: In the Medicine Unit of Shalamar Medical and Dental College Lahore for one-year duration from June 2019 to June 2020. Material and methods: 81 (81) healthy people, both men and women (aged 18-60) were selected from the general population. Blood pressure was measured with a mercury sphygmomanometer. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated as weight (kilogram) divided by the square of your height (square meters). We divided the participants into a control group, overweight and obese according to their BMI. In the next step, we divided the subjects into categories according to gender and BMI. Group I consisted of fifty-four (54) men, including 18 controls, 18 overweight and 18 obese. Group II comprised twenty-seven (27) women, including 09 controls, 09 overweight and 09 obese. Results: The results of this study indicate significantly higher systolic and diastolic B.P. in overweight and obese subjects compared to the control group, except for men in the control group and overweight men, who had a statistically insignificant difference in systolic B.P. Conclusion: We can conclude that the increase in body weight seems to be related to the increase in B.P. systolic and diastolic. Key words: body mass index (BMI), central obesity, diastolic blood pressure, hypertension, obesity, obesity, overweight, systolic blood pressure.