Hassan Mumtaz, Fatima Meer, Tayyaba Naz, Tehreem Fatima, Ahsan Shafiq, Kainat Muzaffar, Shamim Mumtaz
Introduction: Globally, poisoning and over dosage of drugs including both intentionally or unintentionally, are accounted as a major dilemma of high mortality rate. Aims & Objective: To evaluate poisoning cases, specifically in relation to the frequency of poisoning, demographics, nature of agents used in patients presenting in a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Study Design: Retrospective Place and duration of study: Holy Family Hospital, from 1st June to 31st July 2020 Methodology: A total sample size of 116 was achieved. All patients were between 18 and 62 years visiting the hospital which were brought to the emergency of Holy Family Hospital either directly or referred from various hospitals. Statistical tools used was SPSS Version 21. Results: Out of total 116 cases of poisoning, highest cases were of Organophosphate poisoning (53%), followed by Wheat pill ingestion (29%), Paracetamol overdose (16%) and Benzodiazepine ingestion (2%). Highest cases were found in females (61%), followed by males (39%). The greatest number of cases were found in 15-25 age group (62%), followed by 26-35 age group (24%), 36-45 age group (12%) where as 56-65 years age group shows the least poisoning intake (2%). A comparatively greater poisoning cases were observed in rural areas (63%), relative to urban population (37%). A comparatively greater poisoning cases were observed in rural areas (63%), relative to urban population (37%) Conclusion: With increasing number of suicidal cases reported each year, it's high time that certain regulations should be introduced by the government. Strict control should be implemented to prevent misuse of these products. Furthermore, as the age-group involved is 15-25 years, proper guidance should be provided to cope up with the anxiety and frustration associated with this age group. Conferences, webinars, and classes should be organized to raise awareness about mental illnesses. Keywords: Poisoning, Suicide, Organophosphates, Benzodiazepenes, Paracetamol, Wheat Pill.