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S.R.Pathare*, M.P.Narle, N.S.Anbhule, H.V.Kamble, A.V.Dhobale


In this article, I provide a perspective on the tobacco epidemic and epidemiology, describing the impact of the tobacco-caused disease. Smoking is a cause of cancer of the lung, oral cavity, larynx, bladder, and renal pelvis and a contributing factor in the development of cancer of the pancreas, stomach, cervix, liver, penis, and rectum. Smokers are at greater risk for coronary artery disease, cardiovascular disease, and atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease. Cigarette smoking is the single most important risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and is associated with lower levels of FEV1 and increased respiratory symptoms and infections. Mortality rates among smokers are about three times higher than among people who have never smoked mockers are at higher risk of developing pneumonia, tuberculosis, and other airway infections. In addition, smoking causes inflammation and impairs immune function. Ladies who smoke have a more noteworthy shot of certain pregnancy related issues or having an infant death from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Women who smoke during pregnancy have an increased incidence of complications, especially intrauterine growth retardation. In research of a gathering of 1000 smokers (age 30), about one fourth of them (250) will pass on of smoking-related diseases before finishing middle age. According to estimates, approximately one third of tobacco-related deaths will be due to respiratory causes, one third to cancer and one third to cardiovascular diseases. Nicotine is chemical that cause lung cancer mainly release from smoking of Cigarette .When humans, mammals, and most other types of animals are exposed to nicotine, it increases their heart rate, heart muscle oxygen consumption rate, and heart stroke volume. These are known as pharmacologic effects. Keywords: - Cancer, Smoking, Cigarette, Nicotine, tobacco, infection.


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