Dr Batool Riasat Ali, Dr Muhammad Bilal Hussain Khan, Dr Muhammad Asif Saleem
Background: The term dyslipidemia signifies abnormal lipid or fat content in the blood, including triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol, lipoprotein, and other fats. This study will help us to understand what lipid profile is normally present in our population, if abnormal, timely screening, education, and proper management can be done. Study Design: This Cross-sectional study was conducted in Services Hospital Lahore for the Period of six-month November 2019 to April 2020. Material & Methods: For the lipid profile, intravenous blood samples were collected in testing bottles after overnight fasting of 9-12 hours and sent to the institutional laboratory for testing. Dyslipidemia was defined as abnormal levels of any of the following components of the lipid profile. Results: 112 participants of age <40 and >20 years were registered with 62 males and 50 females. Prevalence of dyslipidemia was found to be 75.9% with a significantly high percentage in females (p < 0.05). 55.4% of the participants had desirable serum cholesterol and 42.9% had hypertriglyceridemia. 58% of these had HDL levels <40 mg/dL while 18.8% had high LDL levels. The mean serum cholesterol was significantly different in males and females (p=0.018). 7.1% of the total had isolated hypertriglyceridemia, 18.8% had isolated low HDL levels, and 46.4% had mixed hyperlipidemia, with significant differences between males and females in the former two. Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for numerous systemic disorders and should be detected early in life for effective management before the appearance of symptoms. Keywords: dyslipidemia, triglycerides, hypertriglyceridemia, serum cholesterol.