Mona, Pooja. R, Kumara Hegde. B. A. and Y. L. Ramachandra.
Vateria indica Linn is an endangered tree that belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. These species are most common in moist evergreen forests and different parts of Southern Western Ghats of India from the states of Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and a ‘Tree flora of Kerala’2 listed 26 other reports concerning V. indica. It is a versatile tree which has commercial and medicinal significance. It is known as Sarja rasa in Ayurveda, resin from V. indica is known as white dammar. The resin which is extensively used in Indian medicine is credited with tonic, carminative and expectorant properties. It is also used in the treatment of chronic bronchitis, throat troubles, wounds, boils, rheumatism, urinary discharges, piles, gonorrhea and syphilis. Most of the studies accounts on its pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, anti-ulcer, anti-tumor activity and anticancer potential. According to the comprehensive investigation of chemical constituents in the leaves of V. indica contains several secondary metabolites which include alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids, steroids, glycosides, tannins, volatile oils polyphenol compounds etc., are used for curing many diseases.