ResearcherID - CLICK HERE Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF-2020) - CLICK HERE




Dr. Shahzeb Ahmad, Muhammad Zaid, Adnan Afzal, Muhammad Idrees, Dr. Bushra Azam Hashmi


Background: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a deadly disease that is affecting most of the countries worldwide. Public understanding, including knowledge about signs and symptoms, mode of transmission, and hygiene of COVID-19, is vital for designing effective control strategies during a public health crisis. Corona virus has affected 177 countries and 2.5 million have contracted virus, out of which ten thousand people have died around the globe. Pakistan being a developing country and facing other major issues in the form of economy may not be able tackle the outbreak of COVID-19 at larger level. However awareness in general people regarding sign and symptoms, mode of transmission, hygiene and precautions may help Pakistan to control this pandemic. Objective: To investigate the public’s perspective about COVID-19, including their knowledge, attitude, and practices. Methods: Survey was conducted in which data from general population of Pakistan was collected from 323 participants; data was administered during the rapid outbreak of COVID-19 in Pakistan. Questions were focused on the prevention, transmission, clinical features, and control of COVID-19. In addition, the attitudes and practices of the participants were explored. Results: Out of 323 participants, 54.4 % were males and 45.5% were females, 80.8% were aged between 20 and 30%, 86.7% participants were single, 57.9% of participants were living in household of greater than 6 Marla’s, 76.8% of participants were students, 61.6% were having qualification level of bachelor’s, 65.5% perceived fever to be symptom of corona virus and 69% perceived dry cough to be symptom of corona virus, only 2.8% were tested for COVID 19,88.2% had no history of direct contact with infected person,41.4% rated their health 10 (on scale of 10 and 10 being the fittest), 87.3% thought COVID 19 spread by respiratory droplets, 62.5% showed level of confidence in diagnosis of COVID 19, 62.5% showed confidence in health information received regarding COVID 19,63.8% thought that there was screening test availability for COVID 19, 41.8% perceived that symptomatic treatment was given to patients of COVID 19 by health care professionals, 91.9% thought of no vaccine availability worldwide, source of information for 68.4% participants was social media, 96.6% perceived increase in number of COVID19, 90.7% perceived increase in death rate due to COVID19, 60.7% perceived that chances of surviving through COVID19 were present,74% said they are practicing precautionary measures and 57.6% said they feel worried during pandemic. Conclusion: The participants demonstrated good knowledge and reasonable attitudes and practices toward most aspects of the COVID-19 outbreak. Improvements in certain areas could be made by mass-level education. Keywords: Awareness, Coronavirus. COVID-19, Developing countries, health, Pakistan, Pandemic


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