Zaid Ali AL Mohsen, Omar Buraykan Alluhayyan, Yazzan Mohammed Alotaibi, Ghadeer Hassan AlJulaih, jumanah Abdullah Alnemri, Khaled Abdulrahman Alghabawy
Purpose : Atopic dermatitis [AD] is a chronic skin condition that's characterized by the presence of an itchy skin lesion of relapsing and remitting nature. It's common among children with an incidence of 9-37% worldwide. Until now, there's no consensus among experts regarding the distributive pattern of AD. AD has a significant impact on the quality of life for the parents of the affected children, due to the chronicity of the disease and the inconvenience of the treatment regimens. The aim of this study is to examine the distribution of AD lesions among children and parental stress of their mothers in Al Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Patients and Methods : This cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2020 to September 2020 at Al Qassim Region, Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was distributed via online methods to 330 parents with children diagnosed with AD, 300 questionnaires were analyzed. Results : The face, upper chest, and antecubital fossae were the most common sites affected in the children with atopic dermatitis. There was variation with age, with AD being more frequent on the face in younger children and such occurrence diminishing with age. Lesions involving the face, trunk, or flexures were significantly associated with higher Stress among mothers. Conclusion : Atopic dermatitis distributions and skin reaction patterns are influenced by the patient’s age and gender. The consequences of some distributive patterns of children with AD were associated with a high level of stress among mothers. The discordances in the phenotypes of AD among children should be recognized by Physicians to diagnose and evaluate the severity of AD. Keywords: Atopic dermatitis, children, distribution, lesions, parental stress.