Dr Saman Zahoor, Dr Atif Ikram, Dr Tahira Batool.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammation of intestine which occurs due to host microbial interactions. These interactions occur in a genetically susceptible person. Both the small and large intestine are affected by inflammation and are characteristics of autoimmune disease; IBD. In this disease, body’s own immune system attacks the elements of the digestive system. This inflammation encompasses two major forms of diseases, ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease. Abdominal symptoms are prominent in patients affected by these diseases like abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and bloody stools. Moreover, other defects like intestinal epithelial barrier function decline are also observed. In this review paper the types and symptoms of IBD are described. Then the diagnosis methods and available treatment options are discussed.