Dr Waqas Ahmed, Dr Shawana Saeed.
Anaemia is characterised as a drop in haemoglobin blood levels that thereby decreases the oxygen ability of red blood cells to prevent them from satisfying the physiological demands of the body. Several findings also suggested that anaemia often exists in patients with diabetes with renal insufficiency although few tests also reported the occurrence of anaemia in persons with diabetes due to signs of renal failure. Anemia has since been known in other trials as a risk factor for the need for diabetes renal replacement therapy. Understanding the pathogenesis of diabetes-related anaemia will lead to therapies to improve the findings of these cases. Consequently, the purpose of this research was to evaluate the prevalence of anaemia in Type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: We recruited 100 participants for our study (50 of them with type 2 diabetes and 50 controls). Blood tests of participants, including blood fasting, blood count and kidney function were tested for fasting blood glucose. Anemia prevalence was also objectively determined. Results: In the cases a high prevalence of anaemia has been observed. Of the diabetes cases, 79.8 percent had a slightly lower haemoglobin concentration than controls. In comparison with monitors, a substantial increase was found in the blood glucose, urea, sodium, potassium, and calcium ions. In the cases, a strong correlation was also found between haemoglobin concentration and fasting blood glucose. Conclusion: It indicates that in patients with poorly regulated insulin and asthma, and renal insufficiency, a high rate of anaemia is likely to occur.