Dr Syed Ahmer Gillani, Dr. Mashroof Abdullah, Dr. Ammara Ayub
Background and objectives: In Pakistan very few studies have been reported regarding the prevalence, especially in the population of KPK. Hence, this study was aimed at detecting congenital heart disease in infants in population of Pakistan. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Holy Family/Benazir Bhutto Hospital Rawalpindi during 2019. The data was collected from 1683 infants who visited OPD for different complaints were assessed for congenital heart disease with the help of echocardiography. Results: From1683 infants, 303 (18%) were confirmed with congenital heart disease. Among the confirmed cases, 62.5 percent were males and 37.5 % were females. 78 % of the cases were between ages 1 to 3 months. The patients came with different presenting complaints like respiratory infection (48 %), underweight (31 %) and cyanosis (4%). Majority of cases were that of acyanotic congenital heart disease (98%). Ventricular septal defect (77.9%) was the most common congenital heart disease detected, followed by patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) 11.5%, atrioventricular septal defect (ASD)7.9 %, tetratology of Fallot (TOF) 0.9 %, aortic stenosis2%. Conclusion: There is an utmost need to improve the efficacy of doctors of our pediatric OPDs to be able to detect heart murmur in our infant population.